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媒体解读:船长弃船逃生算不算渎职?

来源: 南方日报网络版     时间: 2019年08月19日 03:01:41
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(  作)(为)(一)(艘)(游)(轮)(的)(实)(际)(掌)(控)(者)(,船)(长)(的)(重)(要)(性)(不)(言)(而)(喻)(。在)(面)(临)(突)(发)(状)(况)(时)(,船)(长)(有)(哪)(些)(处)(置)(的)(办)(法)(,又)(有)(哪)(些)(处)(置)(的)(权)(力)(,弃)(船)(逃)(生)(算)(不)(算)(渎)(职)(?上)(海)(海)(事)(大)(学)(教)(授)(、上)(海)(海)(事)(司)(法)(鉴)(定)(中)(心)(负)(责)(人)(蔡)(存)(强)(和)(一)(位)(在)(长)(江)(上)(航)(行)(近)(40年)(的)(资)(深)(船)(长)((不)(愿)(透)(露)(姓)(名)()就)(此)(进)(行)(了)(解)(答)(。
  问)(:船)(长)(和)(轮)(机)(长)(弃)(船)(后)(获)(救)(,是)(否)(失)(职)(?
  答)(:根)(据)(条)(例)(,船)(长)(对)(全)(船)(乘)(客)(的)(安)(全)(负)(有)(救)(助)(义)(务)(。这)(也)(要)(具)(体)(来)(看)(,如)(果)(在)(时)(间)(不)(紧)(急)(的)(情)(况)(下)(不)(顾)(乘)(客)(弃)(船)(逃)(生)(,这)(肯)(定)(是)(有)(责)(任)(的)(。但)(如)(果)(真)(的)(是)(遇)(到)(突)(发)(的)(强)(龙)(卷)(风)(,海)(轮)(翻)(覆)(的)(时)(间)(可)(能)(会)(有)(8-10分)(钟)(,这)(段)(时)(间)(还)(能)(帮)(助)(乘)(客)(逃)(生)(,而)(江)(轮)(则)(完)(全)(可)(能)(在)(一)(两)(分)(钟)(之)(内)(就)(彻)(底)(翻)(覆)(,船)(长)(和)(船)(员)(根)(本)(来)(不)(及)(启)(动)(任)(何)(应)(急)(警)(告)(,更)(来)(不)(及)(组)(织)(乘)(客)(撤)(离)(,若)(真)(在)(这)(种)(情)(况)(下)(,就)(很)(难)(说)(船)(长)(有)(失)(职)(之)(处)(。至)(于)(轮)(机)(长)(,不)(在)(值)(班)(岗)(位)(,在)(突)(然)(翻)(覆)(的)(情)(况)(下)(,也)(很)(难)(认)(定)(他)(一)(定)(有)(过)(错)(。
  至)(于)(船)(长)(和)(轮)(机)(长)(为)(何)(能)(逃)(生)(,可)(能)(跟)(他)(们)(当)(时)(所)(处)(的)(位)(置)(有)(关)(。船)(长)(在)(驾)(驶)(室)(,应)(该)(是)(最)(先)(发)(现)(船)(体)(倾)(覆)(,也)(就)(最)(容)(易)(逃)(生)(;轮)(机)(长)(可)(能)(也)(在)(驾)(驶)(台)(,否)(则)(如)(果)(当)(时)(在)(底)(层)(的)(机)(舱)(,他)(是)(不)(可)(能)(逃)(生)(的)(。
  问)(:遇)(到)(恶)(劣)(天)(气)(,船)(长)(有)(权)(改)(变)(航)(线)(吗)(?
  答)(:根)(据)(规)(定)(,船)(长)(享)(有)(“临)(危)(处)(置)(权)(”,也)(就)(是)(说)(,在)(面)(临)(危)(急)(情)(况)(下)(,船)(长)(能)(够)(采)(取)(任)(何)(措)(施)(,包)(括)(停)(航)(、改)(变)(航)(线)(等)(手)(段)(规)(避)(可)(能)(出)(现)(的)(风)(险)(。当)(然)(,如)(果)(没)(有)(判)(断)(出)(风)(险)(,则)(是)(另)(外)(一)(回)(事)(了)(。
  问)(:遇)(到)(危)(险)(,船)(长)(应)(如)(何)(报)(警)(?
  答)(:目)(前)(长)(江)(航)(线)(上)(的)(客)(船)(报)(警)(,基)(本)(还)(是)(采)(取)(人)(工)(方)(式)(,出)(现)(紧)(急)(情)(况)(后)(,通)(过)(电)(话)(、手)(机)(等)(向)(外)(界)(报)(警)(。目)(前)(海)(事)(部)(门)(在)(三)(峡)(航)(线)(实)(现)(了)(电)(子)(巡)(航)(全)(覆)(盖)(,能)(够)(实)(时)(监)(控)(航)(段)(内)(船)(只)(的)(航)(行)(情)(况)(。不)(过)(,是)(否)(覆)(盖)(到)(事)(发)(水)(域)(,尚)(不)(确)(定)(。
  问)(:通)(过)(什)(么)(方)(式)(收)(到)(预)(警)(信)(息)(?
  答)(:船)(上)(能)(通)(过)(广)(播)(、电)(台)(、网)(站)(等)(渠)(道)(接)(受)(气)(象)(等)(部)(门)(的)(预)(警)(信)(息)(。这)(些)(气)(象)(信)(息)(会)(定)(时)(发)(放)(,比)(如)(每)(天)(22时)(、24时)(等)(。只)(有)(出)(现)(紧)(急)(情)(况)(,级)(别)(特)(别)(高)(的)(气)(象)(预)(警)(,才)(会)(临)(时)(向)(船)(上)(发)(送)(。
  问)(:作)(为)(船)(长)(,你)(认)(为)(安)(全)(航)(行)(主)(要)(靠)(什)(么)(?
  答)(:安)(全)(航)(行)(,一)(是)(要)(靠)(船)(长)(的)(经)(验)(和)(精)(力)(,除)(了)(有)(足)(够)(的)(航)(行)(和)(应)(对)(危)(急)(情)(况)(的)(经)(验)(,还)(要)(有)(足)(够)(的)(精)(力)(。另)(外)(一)(点)(还)(要)(靠)(船)(只)(本)(身)(的)(硬)(件)(条)(件)(,能)(够)(抗)(击)(相)(当)(程)(度)(的)(大)(风)(大)(浪)(。经)(验)(与)(硬)(件)(相)(结)(合)(,才)(能)(保)(障)(航)(行)(的)(安)(全)(性)(。
  (晨)(报)(记)(者)( 李)(晓)(明)( 杨)(育)(才)()
)


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