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导演刘江:创作者要尊重和引领观众,太讨好会失去原则

来源: 南方日报网络版     时间: 2019年08月19日 03:17:48
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(导)(语)(
在)(刘)(江)(看)(来)(,现)(实)(题)(材)(的)(影)(视)(剧)(就)(得)(反)(应)(真)(实)(的)(人)(,反)(映)(健)(康)(的)(价)(值)(观)(,要)(做)(现)(实)(生)(活)(的)(镜)(子)(,在)(讲)(好)(故)(事)(的)(同)(时)(,给)(大)(家)(以)(启)(迪)(和)(引)(领)(。“不)(论)(什)(么)(作)(品)(一)(定)(得)(是)(基)(于)(对)(人)(性)(,对)(生)(活)(的)(了)(解)(,要)(塑)(造)(典)(型)(环)(境)(里)(的)(典)(型)(人)(物)(,这)(样)(才)(能)(真)(正)(的)(跟)(观)(众)(有)(交)(流)(,即)(便)(是)(玄)(幻)(剧)(,反)(映)(的)(也)(是)(人)(的)(事)(情)(,因)(为)(作)(品)(终)(究)(是)(要)(给)(人)(看)(的)(。”
文)(:李)(方)(方)(
6月)(20日)(,对)(于)(导)(演)(刘)(江)(而)(言)(是)(个)(重)(要)(的)(日)(子)(,这)(是)(他)(“出)(道)(以)(来)(遇)(到)(的)(最)(沉)(甸)(甸)(的)(剧)(本)(”《归)(去)(来)(》从)(文)(字)(转)(化)(成)(影)(像)(的)(第)(一)(天)(,也)(是)(他)(暌)(违)(一)(年)(之)(后)(,再)(度)(回)(归)(现)(实)(主)(义)(题)(材)(电)(视)(剧)(创)(作)(的)(第)(一)(天)(。为)(了)(这)(一)(天)(,他)(已)(经)(等)(待)(了)(很)(久)(,从)(五)(年)(前)(向)(两)(位)(编)(剧)(约)(稿)(,到)(一)(年)(半)(前)(敲)(定)(主)(演)(人)(选)(,到)(半)(年)(前)(开)(始)(申)(请)(赴)(外)(拍)(摄)(的)(签)(证)(,再)(到)(开)(拍)(前)(围)(读)(剧)(本)(的)(种)(种)(准)(备)(,电)(视)(剧)(《归)(去)(来)(》终)(于)(这)(一)(天)(在)(北)(京)(开)(机)(了)(。
其)(实)(,早)(在)(《归)(去)(来)(》还)(未)(开)(拍)(的)(时)(候)(,就)(已)(经)(引)(起)(了)(业)(内)(的)(关)(注)(,国)(内)(首)(部)(聚)(焦)(海)(外)(留)(学)(生)(生)(活)(的)(青)(春)(励)(志)(剧)(,由)(两)(位)(金)(牌)(编)(剧)(高)(璇)(、任)(宝)(茹)(执)(笔)(创)(作)(,由)(在)(现)(实)(主)(义)(题)(材)(电)(视)(剧)(创)(作)(领)(域)(数)(一)(数)(二)(的)(电)(视)(剧)(导)(演)(刘)(江)(执)(导)(,唐)(嫣)(、罗)(晋)(主)(演)(,斥)(资)(3亿)(,远)(赴)(海)(外)(进)(行)(长)(期)(拍)(摄)(……这)(些)(消)(息)(让)(这)(部)(剧)(从)(一)(开)(始)(就)(显)(得)(分)(外)(的)(与)(众)(不)(同)(。
如)(今)(,这)(部)(剧)(终)(于)(揭)(下)(了)(其)(神)(秘)(的)(面)(纱)(,人)(们)(不)(禁)(期)(待)(刘)(江)(这)(次)(又)(将)(带)(给)(观)(众)(怎)(样)(的)(惊)(喜)(。在)(这)(部)(剧)(开)(机)(当)(天)(,记)(者)(有)(幸)(在)(片)(场)(见)(到)(了)(正)(在)(忙)(碌)(的)(刘)(江)(导)(演)(,并)(在)(拍)(摄)(结)(束)(之)(后)(对)(他)(进)(行)(了)(采)(访)(。
1
《归)(去)(来)(》不)(仅)(关)(于)(青)(春)(与)(奋)(斗)(,还)(关)(乎)(信)(仰)(与)(社)(会)(的)(公)(平)(正)(义)(
今)(年)(的)(3月)(16日)(,编)(剧)(高)(璇)(和)(任)(宝)(茹)(将)(完)(整)(版)(的)(《归)(去)(来)(》剧)(本)(,交)(到)(了)(刘)(江)(的)(手)(上)(,完)(成)(了)(五)(年)(前)(,这)(个)(电)(影)(学)(院)(的)(师)(哥)(提)(出)(的)(“合)(作)(一)(次)(”的)(约)(定)(,刘)(江)(看)(完)(之)(后)(在)(微)(博)(上)(这)(样)(回)(应)(道)(:“这)(几)(乎)(是)(我)(出)(道)(以)(来)(遇)(到)(的)(最)(沉)(甸)(甸)(的)(剧)(本)(!”
一)(部)(青)(春)(题)(材)(的)(作)(品)(,为)(何)(刘)(江)(竟)(然)(给)(出)(了)(如)(此)(高)(的)(评)(价)(?这)(得)(先)(从)(这)(部)(剧)(的)(内)(容)(开)(始)(讲)(起)(。
随)(着)(经)(济)(的)(发)(展)(,中)(国)(越)(来)(越)(多)(的)(年)(轻)(人)(选)(择)(走)(出)(国)(门)(,接)(受)(教)(育)(。甚)(至)(早)(在)(2015年)(就)(有)(数)(据)(显)(示)(,中)(国)(已)(成)(为)(世)(界)(上)(第)(一)(留)(学)(生)(输)(出)(国)(,但)(是)(我)(们)(的)(影)(视)(剧)(却)(在)(这)(方)(面)(鲜)(有)(表)(现)(。2015年)(,高)(璇)(、任)(宝)(茹)(这)(对)(金)(牌)(编)(剧)(开)(始)(将)(目)(光)(放)(在)(了)(留)(学)(生)(群)(体)(上)(。
“现)(在)(中)(国)(每)(年)(赴)(海)(外)(留)(学)(的)(人)(那)(么)(多)(,有)(学)(习)(特)(别)(优)(秀)(想)(进)(一)(步)(深)(造)(的)(,有)(家)(里)(特)(别)(有)(钱)(想)(出)(去)(混)(个)(文)(凭)(的)(……很)(多)(人)(甚)(至)(年)(龄)(还)(很)(小)(,他)(们)(就)(要)(独)(自)(一)(人)(在)(海)(外)(生)(活)(,他)(们)(过)(得)(怎)(么)(样)(?他)(们)(的)(背)(后)(发)(生)(了)(怎)(样)(的)(故)(事)(?这)(都)(是)(大)(家)(很)(好)(奇)(的)(。”为)(了)(解)(开)(心)(头)(的)(疑)(问)(,向)(大)(众)(揭)(开)(留)(学)(生)(身)(上)(的)(神)(秘)(面)(纱)(,高)(璇)(和)(任)(宝)(茹)(远)(赴)(美)(国)(进)(行)(实)(地)(考)(察)(,然)(后)(将)(考)(察)(到)(的)(情)(况)(和)(搜)(集)(来)(的)(素)(材)(进)(行)(整)(理)(、创)(作)(,就)(有)(了)(《归)(去)(来)(》的)(剧)(本)(。
该)(剧)(以)(法)(二)(代)(萧)(清)(,官)(二)(代)(书)(澈)(,商)(二)(代)(缪)(盈)(,草)(根)(二)(代)(宁)(鸣)(,富)(二)(代)(成)(然)(、六)(位)(极)(具)(代)(表)(性)(的)(留)(学)(生)(为)(故)(事)(的)(主)(人)(公)(,讲)(述)(了)(他)(们)(因)(为)(家)(庭)(、理)(想)(、爱)(情)(等)(种)(种)(原)(因)(相)(聚)(美)(国)(,成)(为)(常)(春)(藤)(名)(校)(的)(的)(精)(英)(之)(后)(,从)(大)(学)(走)(向)(社)(会)(,人)(生)(经)(历)(转)(折)(与)(蜕)(变)(的)(故)(事)(。
“归)(去)(来)(”取)(自)(陶)(渊)(明)(脱)(离)(仕)(途)(,回)(归)(田)(园)(的)(宣)(言)(《归)(去)(来)(兮)(辞)(》中)(的)(“归)(去)(来)(兮)(,田)(园)(将)(芜)(,胡)(不)(归)(”一)(句)(,取)(这)(三)(个)(字)(作)(为)(剧)(名)(,有)(一)(种)(古)(今)(关)(照)(之)(感)(,一)(个)(是)(要)(从)(仕)(途)(回)(归)(田)(园)(,一)(个)(是)(要)(从)(海)(外)(回)(归)(祖)(国)(,最)(终)(都)(是)(经)(过)(世)(俗)(纷)(扰)(,生)(活)(洗)(礼)(,完)(成)(自)(我)(的)(实)(现)(与)(再)(造)(。
《归)(去)(来)(》不)(同)(于)(当)(下)(电)(视)(剧)(市)(场)(所)(盛)(行)(的)(玛)(丽)(苏)(、霸)(道)(总)(裁)(式)(的)(青)(春)(剧)(,也)(不)(同)(于)(一)(般)(怀)(旧)(式)(的)(青)(春)(爱)(情)(剧)(,它)(所)(探)(讨)(的)(主)(题)(更)(为)(深)(刻)(,就)(像)(编)(剧)(高)(璇)(所)(说)(:“留)(学)(生)(群)(体)(像)(是)(一)(个)(折)(射)(的)(镜)(子)(,它)(能)(够)(非)(常)(直)(观)(的)(反)(应)(中)(国)(当)(下)(的)(情)(形)(。”换)(句)(话)(说)(,这)(部)(剧)(不)(仅)(仅)(在)(讲)(六)(位)(年)(轻)(人)(的)(故)(事)(,更)(重)(要)(的)(是)(在)(讲)(当)(下)(的)(中)(国)(,讲)(的)(是)(这)(一)(代)(年)(轻)(人)(的)(痛)(苦)(和)(纠)(结)(:一)(个)(优)(秀)(的)(人)(到)(底)(是)(应)(该)(选)(择)(做)(一)(个)(精)(致)(的)(利)(己)(主)(义)(者)(,还)(是)(应)(该)(选)(择)(去)(做)(对)(的)(事)(情)(?什)(么)(样)(的)(价)(值)(观)(才)(是)(真)(正)(正)(确)(的)(价)(值)(观)(?
刘)(江)(说)(:“它)(是)(一)(个)(青)(春)(剧)(的)(外)(壳)(,但)(是)(却)(是)(一)(个)(很)(大)(的)(极)(具)(杀)(伤)(力)(的)(命)(题)(,这)(里)(面)(有)(家)(国)(,有)(社)(会)(的)(公)(平)(与)(正)(义)(,它)(是)(关)(于)(信)(仰)(,关)(于)(良)(知)(,能)(够)(在)(正)(义)(与)(良)(知)(间)(,选)(择)(大)(爱)(,而)(放)(弃)(亲)(情)(。是)(一)(个)(了)(不)(起)(的)(选)(择)(。这)(种)(东)(西)(在)(当)(下)(是)(非)(常)(值)(得)(呼)(唤)(,非)(常)(缺)(失)(,非)(常)(需)(要)(的)(一)(个)(东)(西)(。”
2
选)(演)(员)(、围)(读)(剧)(本)(、现)(场)(搭)(戏)(……
一)(部)(好)(剧)(本)(要)(想)(成)(为)(一)(部)(优)(秀)(的)(电)(视)(剧)(作)(品)(,还)(需)(要)(一)(个)(好)(的)(导)(演)(来)(成)(就)(。《归)(去)(来)(》很)(幸)(运)(,遇)(到)(了)(刘)(江)(。
早)(在)(这)(部)(剧)(开)(拍)(之)(前)(,刘)(江)(就)(已)(经)(做)(了)(充)(足)(的)(准)(备)(工)(作)(,为)(了)(选)(出)(合)(适)(的)(演)(员)(找)(了)(很)(多)(年)(轻)(演)(员)(来)(试)(戏)(,光)(~F盈)(一)(个)(角)(色)(就)(试)(了)(一)(百)(多)(位)(演)(员)(,推)(荐)(来)(的)(演)(员)(先)(看)(气)(质)(形)(象)(各)(方)(面)(合)(不)(合)(适)(,不)(合)(适)(的)(筛)(掉)(,合)(适)(的)(再)(试)(戏)(,戏)(不)(好)(的)(感)(觉)(不)(对)(的)(再)(筛)(掉)(。“演)(员)(的)(选)(择)(非)(常)(的)(重)(要)(,演)(员)(选)(对)(了)(,一)(个)(角)(色)(的)(塑)(造)(就)(成)(功)(了)(一)(半)(。”
这)(也)(就)(能)(理)(解)(了)(为)(什)(么)(《媳)(妇)(的)(美)(好)(时)(代)(》播)(出)(后)(,海)(清)(成)(了)(“国)(民)(媳)(妇)(”,《黎)(明)(之)(前)(》拍)(完)(,吴)(秀)(波)(一)(下)(子)(红)(得)(发)(紫)(,《咱)(们)(结)(婚)(吧)(》之)(后)(,高)(圆)(圆)(成)(为)(了)(“接)(地)(气)(的)(女)(神)(”。刘)(江)(的)(眼)(光)(特)(别)(准)(,他)(知)(道)(什)(么)(样)(的)(角)(色)(适)(合)(什)(么)(样)(的)(人)(,演)(员)(是)(需)(要)(角)(色)(去)(成)(就)(的)(。
确)(定)(好)(演)(员)(、筹)(备)(好)(所)(有)(事)(情)(一)(般)(的)(剧)(组)(就)(开)(拍)(了)(,但)(是)(在)(刘)(江)(这)(里)(,开)(拍)(前)(还)(有)(最)(后)(一)(道)(非)(常)(重)(要)(的)(关)(:围)(读)(剧)(本)(。
这)(是)(他)(在)(2008年)(拍)(完)(电)(影)(《即)(日)(启)(程)(》后)(养)(成)(的)(习)(惯)(,很)(多)(创)(作)(者)(觉)(得)(演)(员)(自)(己)(会)(读)(剧)(本)(的)(,没)(必)(要)(开)(拍)(前)(专)(门)(读)(剧)(本)(浪)(费)(时)(间)(。在)(刘)(江)(看)(来)(,围)(读)(剧)(本)(对)(于)(整)(个)(创)(作)(来)(说)(是)(磨)(刀)(不)(误)(砍)(柴)(工)(。有)(了)(这)(样)(一)(个)(环)(节)(,很)(多)(问)(题)(在)(这)(个)(环)(节)(就)(解)(决)(了)(,拍)(摄)(的)(时)(候)(大)(家)(会)(更)(从)(容)(,“省)(的)(把)(问)(题)(全)(部)(堆)(在)(现)(场)(,然)(后)(突)(然)(发)(现)(:哇)(,有)(个)(特)(要)(命)(的)(问)(题)(。已)(经)(来)(不)(及)(了)(。那)(你)(就)(可)(能)(埋)(一)(个)(巨)(大)(的)(雷)(,一)(个)(硬)(伤)(。观)(众)(一)(看)(,呦)(!这)(不)(合)(理)(。剧)(本)(围)(读)(是)(把)(最)(后)(一)(道)(关)(,大)(家)(达)(成)(最)(后)(的)(共)(识)(,把)(所)(有)(的)(问)(题)(都)(提)(出)(来)(,这)(个)(过)(程)(是)(非)(常)(有)(用)(的)(。”
围)(读)(剧)(本)(是)(海)(外)(很)(多)(电)(视)(剧)(制)(作)(团)(队)(的)(必)(做)(功)(课)(,在)(国)(内)(,近)(两)(年)(一)(些)(剧)(组)(也)(开)(始)(有)(了)(剧)(本)(围)(读)(的)(环)(节)(,但)(是)(对)(于)(大)(部)(分)(的)(电)(视)(剧)(创)(作)(团)(队)(来)(说)(,演)(员)(的)(档)(期)(太)(紧)(张)(,片)(酬)(也)(太)(高)(,即)(便)(是)(拍)(戏)(都)(要)(找)(替)(身)(来)(完)(成)(,有)(的)(演)(员)(甚)(至)(都)(要)(拍)(摄)(了)(才)(临)(时)(看)(剧)(本)(,词)(都)(没)(熟)(就)(上)(场)(演)(,只)(做)(口)(型)(,后)(期)(再)(靠)(配)(音)(蒙)(混)(过)(关)(。这)(样)(的)(事)(情)(刘)(江)(是)(坚)(决)(不)(允)(许)(在)(自)(己)(的)(剧)(组)(发)(生)(的)(。
在)(开)(机)(拍)(摄)(现)(场)(,我)(们)(发)(现)(一)(件)(事)(情)(,两)(位)(年)(轻)(的)(演)(员)(早)(早)(的)(演)(完)(了)(自)(己)(当)(天)(的)(戏)(份)(,却)(一)(直)(守)(候)(在)(片)(场)(没)(有)(离)(去)(,后)(来)(才)(知)(道)(,他)(们)(要)(给)(演)(自)(己)(“父)(亲)(”的)(演)(员)(搭)(戏)(。
记)(者)(问)(刘)(江)(导)(演)(:“打)(电)(话)(的)(戏)(份)(不)(露)(脸)(,随)(便)(找)(个)(人)(来)(给)(演)(员)(搭)(戏)(就)(可)(以)(了)(呀)(?”刘)(江)(却)(不)(这)(样)(认)(为)(,在)(他)(看)(来)(真)(实)(的)(演)(员)(搭)(戏)(,演)(对)(手)(戏)(的)(演)(员)(的)(反)(应)(就)(会)(更)(真)(实)(一)(些)(。这)(也)(是)(他)(对)(演)(员)(的)(要)(求)(。
现)(如)(今)(,越)(来)(越)(多)(的)(影)(视)(剧)(都)(开)(始)(使)(用)(配)(音)(演)(员)(,甚)(至)(行)(业)(内)(一)(些)(演)(员)(都)(开)(始)(不)(背)(台)(词)(,刘)(江)(认)(为)(,演)(员)(不)(是)(把)(台)(词)(说)(出)(来)(就)(完)(了)(,演)(员)(要)(表)(演)(台)(词)(背)(后)(的)(意)(思)(,所)(以)(他)(对)(演)(员)(的)(要)(求)(是)(不)(能)(照)(本)(宣)(科)(,要)(做)(功)(课)(,语)(气)(怎)(么)(样)(,潜)(台)(词)(是)(什)(么)(,这)(些)(都)(需)(要)(演)(员)(去)(挖)(掘)(,“表)(演)(的)(分)(寸)(,高)(级)(与)(不)(高)(级)(就)(在)(这)(分)(寸)(之)(间)(,毫)(厘)(之)(间)(。有)(的)(明)(显)(就)(是)(背)(词)(,词)(写)(得)(再)(好)(,全)(是)(背)(出)(来)(的)(肯)(定)(不)(生)(动)(,整)(个)(创)(作)(不)(能)(是)(一)(个)(照)(本)(宣)(科)(的)(过)(程)(,要)(有)(真)(实)(交)(流)(,气)(口)(在)(哪)(,节)(奏)(在)(哪)(,怎)(么)(断)(句)(,这)(都)(是)(有)(讲)(究)(的)(。”
3
慢)(工)(出)(细)(活)(,没)(有)(白)(费)(的)(工)(夫)(
当)(记)(者)(到)(达)(片)(场)(时)(,刘)(江)(面)(对)(着)(摆)(在)(面)(前)(的)(监)(视)(器)(,正)(在)(有)(条)(不)(紊)(地)(指)(导)(演)(员)(拍)(戏)(,他)(不)(放)(过)(每)(一)(个)(细)(节)(,每)(一)(个)(画)(面)(,每)(一)(个)(动)(作)(都)(力)(求)(准)(确)(。有)(时)(候)(一)(个)(看)(似)(简)(单)(的)(场)(景)(他)(都)(要)(反)(复)(拍)(好)(多)(遍)(,这)(是)(他)(一)(贯)(的)(拍)(戏)(风)(格)(——精)(益)(求)(精)(。
刘)(江)(是)(业)(内)(出)(了)(名)(的)(抠)(戏)(抠)(得)(非)(常)(认)(真)(的)(导)(演)(,拍)(摄)(中)(的)(有)(一)(个)(场)(景)(是)(有)(个)(角)(色)(跟)(一)(众)(外)(国)(人)(在)(办)(公)(室)(交)(谈)(,虽)(然)(看)(似)(很)(简)(短)(的)(一)(场)(戏)(,但)(是)(刘)(江)(导)(演)(对)(每)(一)(个)(细)(节)(都)(力)(求)(要)(真)(实)(准)(确)(,比)(如)(演)(员)(所)(拿)(着)(的)(手)(机)(必)(须)(是)(2014年)(的)(IPHONE5,同)(传)(翻)(译)(结)(束)(说)(话)(的)(时)(间)(要)(略)(微)(晚)(于)(外)(国)(人)(停)(止)(说)(话)(的)(时)(间)(,以)(及)(演)(外)(国)(人)(的)(演)(员)(是)(否)(是)(真)(正)(的)(美)(国)(人)(,这)(取)(决)(于)(他)(发)(音)(的)(标)(准)(与)(否)(。
《归)(去)(来)(》预)(计)(会)(拍)(摄)(150天)(,这)(样)(的)(拍)(摄)(节)(奏)(在)(电)(视)(剧)(行)(业)(来)(说)(是)(非)(常)(慢)(的)(,一)(般)(行)(业)(内)(一)(部)(六)(十)(集)(左)(右)(的)(戏)(三)(个)(月)(就)(拍)(完)(了)(,这)(部)(戏)(为)(什)(么)(要)(留)(出)(这)(么)(长)(的)(时)(间)(用)(来)(拍)(摄)(,这)(就)(应)(了)(那)(句)(老)(话)(“慢)(工)(出)(细)(活)(”。
现)(场)(有)(一)(场)(戏)(,演)(员)(要)(说)(一)(段)(很)(长)(的)(台)(词)(,年)(轻)(的)(演)(员)(想)(加)(一)(些)(自)(己)(的)(话)(进)(去)(,刘)(江)(不)(允)(许)(,要)(求)(他)(必)(须)(把)(原)(本)(的)(台)(词)(一)(字)(不)(落)(的)(说)(出)(来)(。在)(刘)(江)(看)(来)(,这)(场)(戏)(里)(的)(角)(色)(处)(在)(一)(种)(焦)(虑)(、矛)(盾)(的)(情)(境)(中)(,编)(剧)(把)(台)(词)(已)(经)(写)(得)(很)(准)(确)(了)(,片)(儿)(汤)(话)(是)(不)(合)(适)(的)(。“《归)(去)(来)(》的)(戏)(剧)(性)(比)(较)(强)(,每)(一)(句)(话)(都)(是)(要)(斟)(酌)(的)(,每)(一)(句)(台)(词)(都)(要)(仔)(细)(考)(究)(清)(楚)(。”这)(场)(戏)(原)(本)(只)(占)(了)(整)(个)(剧)(本)(的)(半)(页)(纸)(,但)(却)(拍)(摄)(了)(4个)(半)(小)(时)(。
在)(拍)(摄)(之)(前)(,刘)(江)(会)(根)(据)(拍)(摄)(难)(度)(和)(脑)(子)(里)(想)(象)(的)(镜)(头)(量)(来)(预)(估)(拍)(摄)(的)(时)(长)(,仅)(第)(一)(集)(的)(戏)(,就)(要)(1个)(月)(的)(时)(间)(来)(拍)(摄)(,其)(中)(有)(一)(场)(需)(要)(在)(特)(技)(棚)(拍)(摄)(的)(冰)(川)(戏)(,两)(场)(戏)(大)(概)(需)(要)(200多)(个)(镜)(头)(,虽)(然)(剧)(本)(上)(只)(有)(2页)(纸)(的)(内)(容)(,但)(是)(至)(少)(需)(要)(5天)(的)(时)(间)(来)(拍)(摄)(,“这)(些)(戏)(你)(要)(是)(放)(低)(要)(求)(就)(很)(好)(拍)(,如)(果)(你)(要)(求)(很)(高)(,想)(拍)(到)(非)(常)(牛)(的)(境)(地)(,就)(得)(花)(费)(时)(间)(,花)(费)(多)(少)(工)(夫)(就)(能)(收)(获)(多)(少)(,没)(有)(白)(费)(的)(工)(夫)(。”
4
放)(大)(IP的)(功)(用)(等)(于)(说)(谎)(
近)(几)(年)(,国)(产)(电)(视)(剧)(步)(入)(“大)(剧)(”时)(代)(,一)(部)(剧)(动)(辄)(就)(好)(几)(亿)(,电)(视)(剧)(变)(得)(越)(来)(越)(贵)(有)(诸)(多)(方)(面)(的)(原)(因)(,比)(如)(IP的)(价)(格)(上)(涨)(速)(度)(令)(人)(咋)(舌)(,比)(如)(某)(一)(两)(位)(人)(气)(演)(员)(就)(拿)(走)(了)(制)(作)(费)(用)(的)(一)(大)(半)(,留)(给)(制)(作)(的)(费)(用)(寥)(寥)(无)(几)(。这)(在)(影)(视)(行)(业)(已)(经)(是)(屡)(见)(不)(鲜)(的)(事)(情)(,观)(众)(们)(也)(早)(就)(习)(以)(为)(常)(。
《归)(去)(来)(》也)(是)(一)(部)(投)(资)(额)(度)(非)(常)(高)(的)(作)(品)(,预)(计)(投)(资)(3亿)(,当)(我)(们)(问)(及)(这)(3亿)(元)(要)(花)(在)(哪)(里)(时)(,刘)(江)(非)(常)(坦)(然)(的)(回)(答)(到)(:“主)(要)(是)(海)(外)(拍)(摄)(。”为)(此)(,他)(还)(给)(记)(者)(算)(了)(一)(笔)(账)(,剧)(组)(要)(赴)(美)(拍)(摄)(3个)(月)(,柬)(埔)(寨)(拍)(摄)(半)(个)(月)(,除)(了)(在)(国)(外)(拍)(摄)(,还)(要)(在)(国)(内)(的)(棚)(里)(复)(制)(美)(国)(的)(景)(,这)(样)(一)(来)(,就)(将)(近)(1个)(亿)(,再)(加)(上)(演)(职)(人)(员)(的)(费)(用)(和)(其)(他)(的)(支)(出)(,差)(不)(多)(就)(3个)(亿)(了)(。
《归)(去)(来)(》早)(在)(筹)(备)(阶)(段)(,就)(有)(很)(多)(广)(告)(主)(找)(上)(门)(来)(,开)(出)(了)(非)(常)(高)(的)(价)(格)(,想)(要)(在)(剧)(中)(植)(入)(自)(己)(的)(品)(牌)(,但)(是)(这)(部)(戏)(的)(很)(多)(剧)(情)(发)(生)(在)(美)(国)(,想)(要)(不)(影)(响)(剧)(的)(品)(质)(,植)(入)(广)(告)(非)(常)(难)(,最)(后)(在)(不)(破)(坏)(剧)(情)(的)(前)(提)(下)(,刘)(江)(精)(选)(了)(几)(家)(。“手)(机)(、汽)(车)(一)(类)(的)(我)(们)(全)(都)(拒)(绝)(了)(。”“有)(的)(给)(了)(很)(高)(的)(价)(格)(,有)(时)(候)(我)(一)(想)(真)(诱)(人)(,我)(要)(是)(一)(狠)(心)(千)(百)(万)(就)(挣)(进)(来)(了)(,不)(行)(,因)(为)(平)(台)(和)(电)(视)(台)(已)(经)(给)(了)(你)(这)(么)(高)(的)(价)(格)(了)(,我)(们)(不)(能)(在)(这)(方)(面)(再)(贪)(小)(便)(宜)(,我)(们)(要)(对)(得)(起)(平)(台)(,对)(得)(起)(观)(众)(。”
刘)(江)(自)(诩)(是)(个)(手)(艺)(人)(,当)(记)(者)(问)(他)(如)(何)(看)(待)(当)(下)(的)(行)(业)(乱)(象)(时)(,他)(说)(:“我)(就)(干)(好)(我)(自)(己)(的)(事)(情)(”。记)(者)(追)(问)(道)(:“看)(到)(行)(业)(内)(那)(么)(多)(的)(导)(演)(、制)(作)(人)(在)(抢)(IP,会)(动)(心)(吗)(?”时)(,刘)(江)(却)(显)(得)(格)(外)(的)(冷)(静)(:“现)(在)(影)(视)(行)(业)(有)(很)(多)(热)(钱)(进)(来)(,资)(本)(把)(IP的)(功)(用)(给)(放)(大)(了)(,资)(本)(要)(求)(创)(作)(是)(可)(复)(制)(性)(的)(,可)(持)(续)(性)(的)(,可)(发)(展)(性)(的)(,这)(样)(的)(话)(它)(才)(能)(符)(合)(资)(本)(的)(诉)(求)(。但)(是)(创)(作)(是)(有)(偶)(然)(性)(的)(,不)(可)(能)(一)(个)(人)(拍)(出)(的)(每)(一)(部)(戏)(都)(是)(经)(典)(的)(,但)(是)(资)(本)(要)(求)(这)(样)(,怎)(么)(办)(呢)(?于)(是)(就)(把)(IP的)(功)(用)(放)(大)(,这)(其)(实)(就)(是)(一)(种)(说)(谎)(。IP也)(好)(,原)(创)(也)(好)(,对)(于)(影)(视)(剧)(来)(说)(最)(关)(键)(的)(是)(有)(没)(有)(一)(个)(优)(秀)(的)(剧)(本)(,如)(果)(没)(有)(好)(的)(剧)(本)(,一)(切)(都)(免)(谈)(。如)(果)(创)(作)(者)(用)(IP骗)(人)(,坑)(得)(不)(是)(自)(个)(吗)(?资)(本)(赚)(了)(钱)(了)(,导)(演)(名)(声)(毁)(了)(。这)(得)(不)(偿)(失)(。”
在)(刘)(江)(看)(来)(,现)(实)(题)(材)(的)(影)(视)(剧)(就)(得)(反)(应)(真)(实)(的)(人)(,反)(映)(健)(康)(的)(价)(值)(观)(,要)(做)(现)(实)(生)(活)(的)(镜)(子)(,在)(讲)(好)(故)(事)(的)(同)(时)(,给)(大)(家)(以)(启)(迪)(和)(引)(领)(。“不)(论)(什)(么)(作)(品)(一)(定)(得)(是)(基)(于)(对)(人)(性)(,对)(生)(活)(的)(了)(解)(,要)(塑)(造)(典)(型)(环)(境)(里)(的)(典)(型)(人)(物)(,这)(样)(才)(能)(真)(正)(的)(跟)(观)(众)(有)(交)(流)(,即)(便)(是)(玄)(幻)(剧)(,反)(映)(的)(也)(是)(人)(的)(事)(情)(,因)(为)(作)(品)(终)(究)(是)(要)(给)(人)(看)(的)(。”
他)(不)(赞)(同)(为)(了)(收)(视)(率)(或)(者)(热)(度)(去)(迎)(合)(受)(众)(。在)(他)(看)(来)(,作)(为)(创)(作)(者)(要)(尊)(重)(受)(众)(,引)(领)(受)(众)(,吸)(引)(受)(众)(来)(看)(影)(视)(作)(品)(。不)(能)(去)(迎)(合)(,太)(讨)(好)(受)(众)(之)(后)(会)(丧)(失)(原)(则)(。“有)(句)(玩)(笑)(话)(,迎)(合)(的)(话)(电)(影)(院)(为)(什)(么)(不)(放)(三)(级)(片)(呢)(,那)(票)(房)(可)(能)(最)(高)(,但)(是)(那)(是)(不)(行)(的)(,还)(是)(要)(有)(一)(定)(的)(引)(领)(。”返)(回)(搜)(狐)(,查)(看)(更)(多)(
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