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IMF再次聚焦“2010改革方案”

来源: 南方日报网络版     时间: 2019年08月19日 02:58:29
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7意彩app下载平台直招龙虎代理客服QQ【3514565791】诚招代理【在线开户网址um996.com】龙虎和龙虎1赔2.211合1赔9.95,定位胆1赔9.95腾讯分分彩,5分,10分彩,最高返水100反9快,最高赔率,正规信誉大平台平台24h提供注册及登录。IMF再次聚焦“2010改革方案”

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(  特)(派)(记)(者)(叶)(慧)(珏)(华)(盛)(顿)(报)(道)(  当)(中)(国)(央)(行)(行)(长)(周)(小)(川)(4月)(11日)(在)(博)(鳌)(亚)(洲)(论)(坛)(上)(阐)(释)(中)(国)(金)(融)(体)(系)(改)(革)(路)(线)(图)(之)(际)(,央)(行)(副)(行)(长)(易)(纲)(正)(在)(大)(洋)(彼)(岸)(美)(国)(华)(盛)(顿)(的)(国)(际)(货)(币)(基)(金)(组)(织)((IMF)总)(部)(,设)(法)(为)(中)(国)(在)(国)(际)(金)(融)(体)(系)(改)(革)(中)(争)(取)(更)(多)(话)(语)(权)(。  “难)(产)(”四)(年)(之)(久)(,国)(际)(货)(币)(基)(金)(组)(织)((IMF)2010年)(份)(额)(与)(治)(理)(改)(革)(方)(案)(再)(一)(次)(成)(为)(焦)(点)(。  美)(国)(当)(地)(时)(间)(4月)(10日)(,IMF总)(裁)(拉)(加)(德)(在)(IMF春)(季)(年)(会)(的)(吹)(风)(会)(上)(强)(调)(,她)(希)(望)(IMF的)(份)(额)(与)(治)(理)(改)(革)(能)(够)(“在)(不)(远)(的)(将)(来)(”尽)(快)(得)(到)(执)(行)(。她)(在)(回)(答)(提)(问)(时)(表)(示)(,将)(尽)(一)(切)(可)(能)(实)(现)(目)(前)(的)(改)(革)(方)(案)(,除)(非)(确)(信)(目)(前)(的)(方)(案)(无)(法)(实)(现)(,IMF将)(不)(会)(有)(替)(代)(性)(的)(方)(案)(。  一)(旦)(这)(份)(改)(革)(方)(案)(生)(效)(,新)(兴)(市)(场)(所)(占)(据)(的)(份)(额)(与)(投)(票)(权)(大)(幅)(提)(高)(,对)(于)(中)(国)(来)(说)(,意)(味)(着)(其)(在)(国)(际)(经)(济)(领)(域)(中)(的)(分)(量)(越)(来)(越)(显)(著)(,在)(关)(键)(投)(票)(中)(将)(有)(更)(大)(的)(发)(言)(权)(。  此)(前)(两)(周)(,美)(国)(国)(会)(参)(议)(院)(民)(主)(党)(人)(决)(定)(放)(弃)(把)(这)(一)(改)(革)(方)(案)(和)(乌)(克)(兰)(援)(助)(计)(划)(捆)(绑)(,这)(意)(味)(着)(这)(份)(改)(革)(计)(划)(再)(次)(被)(搁)(置)(。  这)(引)(起)(了)(其)(他)(成)(员)(国)(的)(不)(满)(。当)(地)(时)(间)(4月)(10日)(下)(午)((北)(京)(时)(间)(11日)(),中)(国)(央)(行)(副)(行)(长)(易)(纲)(在)(IMF与)(世)(行)(春)(季)(年)(会)(的)(一)(场)(讨)(论)(中)(也)(表)(示)(,2010年)(份)(额)(与)(治)(理)(改)(革)(方)(案)(至)(今)(未)(能)(通)(过)(,对)(于)(20国)(集)(团)(领)(导)(力)(是)(一)(个)(严)(重)(的)(损)(害)(,这)(不)(仅)(对)(于)(IMF的)(正)(统)(合)(法)(性)(是)(一)(个)(威)(胁)(,同)(时)(也)(为)(新)(兴)(市)(场)(未)(来)(获)(得)(更)(多)(的)(资)(源)(带)(来)(了)(不)(确)(定)(性)(,因)(此)(要)(敦)(促)(相)(关)(国)(家)(尽)(快)(行)(动)(,推)(进)(改)(革)(方)(案)(的)(通)(过)(。  围)(绕)(这)(一)(议)(题)(,IMF秘)(书)(长)(林)(建)(海)(接)(受)(了)(21世)(纪)(经)(济)(报)(道)(记)(者)(专)(访)(。他)(表)(示)(,目)(前)(仍)(然)(对)(通)(过)(这)(份)(方)(案)(抱)(有)(信)(心)(,并)(且)(透)(露)(,IMF理)(事)(会)(首)(次)(督)(请)(国)(际)(货)(币)(金)(融)(委)(员)(会)((IMFC)主)(席)(尚)(达)(曼)(与)(成)(员)(国)(家)(进)(行)(广)(泛)(磋)(商)(,尚)(达)(曼)(会)(在)(此)(次)(会)(议)(期)(间)(向)(大)(会)(提)(供)(其)(磋)(商)(成)(果)(,并)(提)(出)(建)(议)(,大)(会)(将)(对)(此)(事)(展)(开)(讨)(论)(,尽)(可)(能)(尽)(快)(地)(推)(进)(其)(进)(程)(。  林)(建)(海)(至)(今)(已)(在)(IMF服)(务)(大)(约)(25年)(。2012年)(3月)(,他)(正)(式)(成)(为)(新)(任)(IMF秘)(书)(长)(,负)(责)(组)(织)(了)(IMF各)(成)(员)(国)(高)(级)(别)(会)(议)(的)(组)(织)(筹)(备)(工)(作)(。除)(了)(份)(额)(改)(革)(之)(外)(,林)(建)(海)(在)(专)(访)(中)(还)(回)(答)(了)(与)(IMF救)(助)(机)(制)(以)(及)(机)(构)(工)(作)(定)(位)(有)(关)(的)(问)(题)(。  IMF与)(世)(行)(春)(季)(年)(会)(于)(最)(近)(一)(周)(举)(行)(,G20财)(政)(与)(央)(行)(行)(长)(会)(议)(也)(在)(后)(半)(周)(同)(时)(召)(开)(,中)(国)(代)(表)(团)(由)(财)(政)(部)(副)(部)(长)(朱)(光)(耀)(和)(央)(行)(副)(行)(长)(易)(纲)(带)(队)(。  份)(额)(与)(治)(理)(改)(革)(:讨)(论)(尚)(达)(曼)(“方)(案)(”  《21世)(纪)(》:国)(际)(货)(币)(基)(金)(组)(织)(2010年)(的)(份)(额)(和)(治)(理)(改)(革)(计)(划)(至)(今)(没)(有)(得)(以)(通)(过)(,在)(此)(次)(春)(季)(大)(会)(之)(前)(不)(久)(,美)(国)(国)(会)(仍)(然)(没)(有)(同)(意)(将)(份)(额)(改)(革)(方)(案)(与)(对)(乌)(克)(兰)(的)(援)(助)(方)(案)(一)(起)(得)(以)(通)(过)(,失)(去)(了)(这)(一)(良)(好)(时)(机)(。IMF总)(裁)(拉)(加)(德)(也)(特)(别)(在)(各)(种)(场)(合)(公)(开)(表)(示)(了)(她)(对)(于)(此)(事)(的)(失)(望)(。目)(前)(的)(这)(些)(迹)(象)(是)(否)(会)(影)(响)(你)(对)(改)(革)(计)(划)(的)(乐)(观)(情)(绪)(?  林)(建)(海)(:份)(额)(与)(治)(理)(改)(革)(,可)(以)(说)(  是)(“好)(事)(多)(磨)(”。事)(情)(本)(身)(十)(分)(重)(要)(,但)(由)(于)(需)(要)(诸)(多)(成)(员)(国)(同)(意)(,同)(时)(兼)(顾)(各)(种)(程)(序)(,难)(度)(可)(想)(而)(知)(。目)(前)(的)(关)(键)(是)(美)(国)(国)(会)(尚)(未)(通)(过)(相)(关)(法)(律)(。关)(于)(这)(一)(点)(,其)(他)(成)(员)(国)(与)(基)(金)(管)(理)(层)(都)(深)(表)(失)(望)(。  国)(际)(经)(济)(格)(局)(正)(在)(发)(生)(深)(刻)(的)(变)(化)(。新)(兴)(市)(场)(国)(家)(近)(年)(来)(发)(展)(迅)(速)(,国)(际)(地)(位)(也)(迅)(速)(上)(升)(。2000年)(前)(后)(,新)(兴)(市)(场)(国)(家)(对)(全)(球)(经)(济)(增)(长)(的)(贡)(献)(率)(大)(约)(是)(1/3;而)(在)(2000-2007年)(左)(右)(,这)(一)(比)(率)(上)(升)(到)(1/2;金)(融)(危)(机)(发)(生)(的)(五)(年)(内)(,这)(一)(贡)(献)(率)(上)(升)(到)(3/4,其)(中)(中)(国)(对)(全)(球)(经)(济)(贡)(献)(率)(占)(到)(了)(1/3。这)(种)(变)(化)(必)(将)(要)(反)(映)(到)(IMF的)(治)(理)(结)(构)(中)(来)(,因)(此)(我)(们)(希)(望)(这)(一)(改)(革)(能)(够)(尽)(快)(实)(现)(。  需)(要)(强)(调)(的)(是)(,我)(们)(对)(于)(改)(革)(的)(推)(进)(仍)(然)(有)(信)(心)(,份)(额)(与)(治)(理)(改)(革)(一)(定)(会)(实)(现)(,只)(是)(时)(间)(问)(题)(。首)(先)(,188个)(成)(员)(国)(中)(,目)(前)(已)(经)(有)(144个)(国)(家)(通)(过)(了)(改)(革)(方)(案)(,这)(些)(成)(员)(共)(拥)(有)(IMF的)(76%投)(票)(权)(;第)(二)(,美)(国)(政)(府)(也)(在)(积)(极)(地)(做)(出)(努)(力)(,为)(国)(会)(最)(终)(通)(过)(打)(下)(了)(基)(础)(;第)(三)(,成)(员)(国)(与)(IMF管)(理)(层)(会)(继)(续)(携)(手)(推)(进)(这)(一)(改)(革)(。  因)(此)(,我)(的)(乐)(观)(态)(度)(还)(是)(不)(变)(,依)(然)(对)(改)(革)(方)(案)(得)(以)(通)(过)(保)(持)(信)(心)(。  《21世)(纪)(》:但)(目)(前)(外)(界)(仍)(然)(难)(以)(清)(晰)(看)(到)(改)(革)(推)(进)(的)(时)(间)(表)(,怎)(么)(看)(待)(这)(个)(问)(题)(?  林)(建)(海)(:实)(际)(上)(,此)(次)(春)(季)(大)(会)(为)(此)(讨)(论)(这)(个)(议)(题)(提)(供)(了)(一)(个)(良)(好)(的)(机)(会)(。三)(个)(月)(之)(前)(,IMF理)(事)(会)(通)(过)(了)(一)(个)(决)(议)(,首)(次)(督)(请)(国)(际)(货)(币)(金)(融)(委)(员)(会)((IMFC)主)(席)(,也)(就)(是)(新)(加)(坡)(副)(总)(理)(兼)(财)(长)(尚)(达)(曼)((TharmanShanmugaratnam)为)(此)(事)(进)(行)(广)(泛)(的)(磋)(商)(,同)(时)(到)(春)(季)(大)(会)(的)(时)(候)(提)(出)(其)(看)(法)(与)(建)(议)(,内)(容)(不)(仅)(包)(括)(2010年)(的)(份)(额)(与)(治)(理)(改)(革)(方)(案)(,也)(包)(括)(新)(的)(下)(一)(轮)(将)(于)(2015年)(1月)(之)(前)(完)(成)(的)(第)(15次)(份)(额)(检)(查)(。  他)(会)(在)(此)(次)(会)(议)(期)(间)(向)(大)(会)(提)(供)(其)(磋)(商)(的)(成)(果)(,并)(提)(出)(建)(议)(,大)(会)(将)(对)(此)(事)(展)(开)(讨)(论)(,尽)(可)(能)(尽)(快)(地)(推)(进)(其)(进)(程)(。  《21世)(纪)(》:对)(于)(份)(额)(与)(治)(理)(改)(革)(的)(推)(进)(,目)(前)(是)(否)(有)(一)(些)(替)(代)(性)(方)(案)(的)(相)(关)(讨)(论)(?如)(果)(美)(国)(在)(此)(问)(题)(上)(一)(直)(无)(法)(通)(过)(,那)(么)(IMF将)(如)(何)(推)(进)(改)(革)(?  林)(建)(海)(:份)(额)(与)(治)(理)(改)(革)(是)(涉)(及)(IMF管)(理)(的)(重)(大)(改)(革)(。因)(此)(,它)(必)(须)(要)(取)(得)(成)(员)(国)(的)(广)(泛)(认)(可)(和)(同)(意)(,我)(们)(要)(将)(大)(家)(的)(努)(力)(聚)(集)(在)(一)(起)(,共)(同)(推)(进)(改)(革)(。除)(了)(此)(次)(改)(革)(之)(外)(,刚)(才)(提)(到)(的)(第)(15次)(份)(额)(检)(查)(,甚)(至)(将)(来)(每)(5年)(一)(次)(的)(份)(额)(检)(查)(,同)(样)(也)(需)(要)(拥)(有)(85%以)(上)(投)(票)(权)(的)(成)(员)(国)(同)(意)(。因)(此)(,必)(须)(要)(持)(有)(坚)(定)(的)(信)(心)(,继)(续)(努)(力)(,只)(有)(这)(样)(才)(可)(能)(达)(到)(我)(们)(的)(目)(的)(地)(。  IMF工)(作)(机)(制)(:救)(助)(与)(政)(策)(建)(议)(  《21世)(纪)(》:IMF日)(前)(已)(经)(决)(定)(对)(乌)(克)(兰)(进)(行)(紧)(急)(救)(助)(,将)(提)(供)(至)(多)(180亿)(美)(元)(救)(助)(,同)(时)(希)(望)(将)(整)(体)(的)(救)(助)(规)(模)(控)(制)(在)(270亿)(美)(元)(以)(内)(。IMF是)(如)(何)(决)(定)(对)(一)(国)(进)(行)(救)(助)(的)(,这)(些)(救)(助)(规)(模)(是)(如)(何)(衡)(量)(的)(?  林)(建)(海)(:乌)(克)(兰)(的)(经)(济)(遭)(受)(到)(了)(很)(大)(困)(难)(,一)(方)(面)(其)(宏)(观)(经)(济)(失)(衡)(,经)(济)(发)(展)(不)(可)(持)(续)(,国)(际)(收)(支)(逆)(差)(上)(升)(,如)(果)(不)(进)(行)(调)(整)(改)(革)(,财)(政)(赤)(字)(预)(计)(今)(年)(可)(能)(达)(到)(GDP的)(10%;另)(一)(方)(面)(,其)(机)(构)(治)(理)(与)(经)(济)(竞)(争)(力)(也)(需)(要)(改)(善)(,才)(能)(促)(进)(其)(经)(济)(持)(续)(增)(长)(。  今)(年)(3月)(初)(,IMF收)(到)(来)(自)(乌)(克)(兰)(方)(面)(的)(要)(求)(,希)(望)(IMF派)(团)(考)(察)(其)(经)(济)(情)(况)(。基)(金)(代)(表)(团)(很)(快)(赴)(乌)(,在)(当)(地)(考)(察)(了)(三)(个)(星)(期)(左)(右)(,在)(提)(供)(援)(助)(方)(面)(达)(成)(了)(工)(作)(层)(协)(议)(。如)(果)(董)(事)(会)(通)(过)(生)(效)(之)(后)(,这)(一)(两)(年)(期)(的)(“备)(用)(信)(贷)(安)(排)(”将)(可)(以)(帮)(助)(乌)(克)(兰)(融)(资)(270亿)(美)(元)(左)(右)(,其)(中)(IMF计)(划)(出)(资)(140亿)(-180亿)(美)(元)(之)(间)(。  确)(定)(IMF融)(资)(规)(模)(大)(小)(,一)(般)(通)(过)(四)(个)(方)(面)(:一)(是)(看)(成)(员)(国)(在)(基)(金)(的)(份)(额)(大)(小)(;二)(是)(看)(成)(员)(国)(的)(国)(际)(融)(资)(需)(求)(量)(;三)(是)(看)(成)(员)(国)(对)(经)(济)(政)(策)(调)(整)(的)(决)(心)(、能)(力)(以)(及)(改)(革)(的)(力)(度)(范)(围)(等)(;第)(四)(,其)(他)(国)(家)(与)(国)(际)(机)(构)(提)(供)(融)(资)(的)(额)(度)(大)(小)(也)(会)(对)(最)(终)(的)(规)(模)(有)(所)(影)(响)(。  《21世)(纪)(》:IMF近)(来)(一)(直)(在)(敦)(促)(欧)(洲)(央)(行)(进)(一)(步)(采)(取)(更)(加)(宽)(松)(的)(货)(币)(政)(策)(,同)(时)(在)(刚)(刚)(推)(出)(的)(《世)(界)(经)(济)(展)(望)(》报)(告)(中)(,IMF明)(确)(对)(新)(兴)(经)(济)(体)(的)(货)(币)(与)(财)(政)(政)(策)(提)(出)(了)(一)(些)(具)(体)(的)(建)(议)(。从)(这)(些)(迹)(象)(来)(看)(,IMF是)(否)(正)(在)(加)(强)(其)(政)(策)(建)(议)(与)(指)(导)(的)(话)(语)(权)(?  林)(建)(海)(:IMF对)(于)(全)(球)(经)(济)(和)(金)(融)(市)(场)(提)(出)(具)(有)(明)(确)(的)(政)(策)(导)(向)(性)(和)(可)(供)(操)(作)(的)(评)(估)(与)(监)(督)(的)(工)(作)(一)(直)(在)(进)(行)(。这)(样)(做)(才)(能)(更)(加)(好)(地)(利)(用)(IMF成)(立)(70年)(来)(积)(累)(下)(来)(的)(宝)(贵)(经)(验)(和)(教)(训)(,为)(决)(策)(者)(提)(供)(有)(针)(对)(性)(的)(和)(可)(供)(操)(作)(的)(建)(议)(。  G20核)(心)(议)(题)(  《21世)(纪)(》:此)(次)(G20部)(长)(级)(会)(议)(有)(哪)(些)(重)(点)(的)(议)(题)(?  林)(建)(海)(:此)(次)(G20会)(议)(的)(一)(大)(亮)(点)(,是)(如)(何)(巩)(固)(全)(球)(经)(济)(的)(复)(苏)(,并)(且)(促)(进)(全)(球)(经)(济)(持)(续)(增)(长)(。今)(年)(2月)(份)(在)(悉)(尼)(召)(开)(的)(部)(长)(级)(会)(议)(上)(达)(成)(一)(致)(,所)(有)(G20国)(家)(希)(望)(通)(过)(共)(同)(努)(力)(,在)(5年)(内)(将)(GDP增)(长)(提)(高)(2个)(百)(分)(点)(。这)(个)(目)(标)(一)(旦)(达)(成)(,能)(给)(全)(球)(经)(济)(增)(长)(带)(来)(新)(的)(动)(力)(。因)(此)(,本)(次)(G20会)(议)(会)(将)(如)(何)(达)(成)(这)(一)(目)(标)(做)(更)(多)(的)(讨)(论)(,这)(是)(一)(个)(中)(心)(议)(题)(。  此)(外)(,IMF的)(份)(额)(改)(革)(、全)(球)(金)(融)(体)(系)(改)(革)(—尤)(其)(是)(金)(融)(规)(范)(和)(监)(督)(、基)(础)(设)(施)(投)(资)(等)(,也)(都)(是)(重)(点)(议)(题)(。所)(有)(的)(这)(些)(讨)(论)(,都)(将)(为)(今)(年)(下)(半)(年)(在)(澳)(大)(利)(亚)(举)(行)(的)(G20峰)(会)(打)(下)(基)(础)(。  《21世)(纪)(》:此)(次)(春)(季)(会)(议)(上)(,国)(际)(社)(会)(关)(注)(的)(中)(国)(议)(题)(有)(哪)(些)(?  林)(建)(海)(:中)(国)(经)(济)(现)(在)(在)(全)(球)(经)(济)(格)(局)(里)(举)(足)(轻)(重)(。大)(家)(感)(兴)(趣)(的)(问)(题)(主)(要)(集)(中)(在)(这)(样)(几)(个)(方)(面)(,一)(是)(如)(何)(处)(理)(中)(国)(经)(济)(的)(增)(长)(速)(度)(与)(增)(长)(质)(量)(之)(间)(的)(关)(系)(,二)(是)(如)(何)(贯)(彻)(去)(年)(的)(十)(八)(届)(三)(中)(全)(会)(提)(出)(的)(一)(揽)(子)(全)(面)(的)(改)(革)(措)(施)(,三)(是)(金)(融)(体)(系)(改)(革)(、非)(银)(行)(金)(融)(活)(动)(和)(如)(何)(应)(对)(地)(方)(政)(府)(债)(务)(问)(题)(。长)(期)(来)(看)(,关)(注)(的)(问)(题)(还)(包)(括)(收)(入)(不)(平)(等)(现)(象)(的)(加)(剧)(、经)(济)(增)(长)(的)(可)(持)(续)(性)(与)(包)(容)(性)(,以)(及)(环)(境)(的)(改)(善)(等)(。(编)(辑)(李)(关)(云)()
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